The Republic of South Africa is situated at the southernmost point of Africa. South Africa totally surrounds Lesotho and surrounds most of the Kingdom of Swaziland. South Africa is bordered by the Atlantic and Indian oceans, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Swaziland. The climatic zones vary, from the extreme desert of the southern Namib in the farthest northwest to the lush subtropical climate in the east along the Mozambique border and the Indian ocean. The climate is mostly semiarid and subtropical along the east coast. This makes South Africa a tourist destination all year round with warm sunny days and cool nights.
South Africa has the third-highest level of biodiversity in the world and is the only country in the world to contain an entire floral kingdom. Africa's highest mountain range south of the Kilimanjaro, the Drakensberg, is home to some of the rarest animals in the world as well as the largest series of rock art in Africa.
Mpumalanga lies in eastern South Africa, north of KwaZulu Natal bordering Swaziland and Mozambique. The Drakensberg Escarpment divides Mpumalanga into a westerly half consisting mainly of high-altitude grassland called the Highveld and the eastern half situated in the low altitude subtropical Lowveld, mostly savanna habitat. It is in the Lowveld of Mpumalanga that you will find the southern half of the Kruger National Park. The Lowveld is underlaid by African Cratonic Basement rocks of ages in excess of 2 billion years. Mpumalanga, offering diverse and special flora and fauna, has always been a popular tourist destination with the Kruger National Park being established in 1898. Mpumalanga is the only province of South Africa to border two provinces of Mozambique or to border all four districts of Swaziland.
The world-renowned Kruger National Park covers a large and diverse region of Southern Africa. Made up of nearly 2 million hectares the diversity of life forms is unrivalled. Bordering the Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga and Mozambique this reserve has recently opened it's borders to neighbouring reserves joining the Greater Limpopo Transfontier Park. As the park covers such a large area it's terrain varies from lush sub tropical conditions in the south to the more arid grasslands towards the north. With such natural diversity it is no wonder that the park is home to such a variety of species of life. This impressive number of species include a variety of: 336 trees, 49 fish, 34 amphibians, 114 reptiles, 507 birds and 147 mammals.